As you conduct research, you are likely to realise that the topic that you have focused on is more complex than you realised when you first defined your research question. The research is still valid even though you are now aware of the greater size and complexity of the problem. A crucial skill of the researcher is to define clearly the boundaries of their research and to stick to them . You may need to refer to wider concerns; to a related field of literature; or to alternative methodology; but you must not be diverted into spending too much time investigating relevant, related, but distinctly separate fields.
13. Include a title on your proposal. I'm amazed at how often the title is left for the end of the student's writing and then somehow forgotten when the proposal is prepared for the committee. A good proposal has a good title and it is the first thing to help the reader begin to understand the nature of your work. Use it wisely! Work on your title early in the process and revisit it often. It's easy for a reader to identify those proposals where the title has been focused upon by the student. Preparing a good title means:
The sampling strategy that you select in your dissertation should naturally flow from your chosen research design and research methods , as well as taking into account issues of research ethics . To set the sampling strategy that you will use in your dissertation, you need to follow three steps: (a) understand the key terms and basic principles ; (b) determine which sampling technique you will use to select the units that will make up your sample; and (c) consider the practicalities of choosing such a sampling strategy for your dissertation (., what time you have available, what access you have, etc.).