In forgoing his nostos , he will earn the greater reward of kleos aphthiton ( κλέος ἄφθιτον , "fame imperishable").  In the poem, aphthiton ( ἄφθιτον , "imperishable") occurs five other times,  each occurrence denotes an object: Agamemnon's sceptre, the wheel of Hebe 's chariot, the house of Poseidon, the throne of Zeus, the house of Hephaestus . Translator Lattimore renders kleos aphthiton as forever immortal and as forever imperishable —connoting Achilles's mortality by underscoring his greater reward in returning to battle Troy.
The Iliad and Odyssey - they form the bedrock of western literature and culture. And now, thanks to Ian Johnston of Vancouver Island University, you can find online numerous English translations of Homer's great epic poems , including some by major literary heavyweights. Johnston's list features translations of the Iliad by Thomas Hobbes (1675) , George Chapman (1614) , Alexander Pope (1720) , William Cullen Bryant (1870) , Samuel Butler (1888) , and Richmond Lattimore (1951) , along with accompanying versions of the Odyssey. Separately, but certainly worth noting, Librivox offers free audiobook versions of the Iliad and Odyssey , both based on the Butler translation. They're now added to our list of Free Audio Books , and we have e-texts within our Free eBooks collection . H/T goes to Metafilter.