I was at the first meeting of a group called CASAL to oppose this C-51 thing and was shocked to see a plant from Canadian army intelligence at the meeting. It was clear no organization in Canada then (or now) had the means or knowledge to oppose C-51. So a friend and I went to Washington unannounced to meet Wayne Lapierre to see how the NRA operates. I also offered to take Merle Prebble, who started the ILA and liked hunting and fishing, hunting and fishing in Ontario to pic his brains. We came salmon fishing and bear hunting and he explained to me how they operate.
The war left the Irish nationalist parties highly polarised and embittered. The total casualty list has still not been definitively determined but appears to be about 1,500-2,000 killed with some thousands more injured. The anti-Treatyites entered politics as Fianna Fail in 1927 and came to power peacefully in 1932 – despite widespread rioting between the IRA and the pro-Treaty Blueshirt movement . By 1939, most of what they considered the objectionable features of the Treaty had been removed by acts of parliament. They and Fine Gael (pro-Treaty) dominated Irish politics for most of the 20th century.
In ministering to the souls of the Confederate army, Father Sheeran also suffered greatly in body and mind. His diary recounts endless illnesses, exhaustion, and hunger. He falls asleep to the sound of Yankee shelling. Toward the end of the war, although granted permission to minister to captured Confederate soldiers behind enemy lines, he nonetheless finds himself imprisoned by the Yankee army. In a louse-infested stable converted into a jail, Father Sheeran suffers all the indignities and horrors of Civil War prisons—scurvy, filth, poor rations, a single open-air latrine, and harsh treatment because of his Confederate loyalties. Although he was eventually released, for a time his prospects are grim. In his lowest moment in the prison, he writes: “I think much of death, but care little about it, could I but receive the benefits of the sacraments. I could not murmur against Providence, for I knew I deserved much more severe punishment at the hands of God, though I was conscious I did not deserve it from man.”