Selection Procedure: There are two modes for applying in course . Entrance and Direct ( NET/NET-JRF). In case of NET/NET-JRF the students are selected on the basis of merit (50% Undergraduate marks + 50% Post Graduate marks) for final Interview. However in case of Entrance test there is two-layered selection procedure, comprising a written test and a personal interview. The written test covers five areas namely Quantitative methods for Research, Accounting Finance & Tax, International Business & Marketing, Human Resource Management & Law, and Economics. Written Test generally consists of objective type questions with negative marking. The written test is usually held in the month of July or August. The personal interview of the candidates qualifying the written test is usually held after one month from the date of written test.
Sometimes it is also accepted that the author simply provides constructive critical analysis of existing theories or viewpoints without necessarily offering any new ones. In short academic requirements for a thesis, especially the demand of originality, are much higher than for a research paper. Each university sets its own rules and regulations for presentation style and the length of a thesis depending on the research area. In some universities the rules can be stricter, foreseeing very specific style and format requirements. There are however certain components that are always prerequisite in thesis presentation style, such as table of contents or abstract. You may include a dedication or acknowledgement and depending on the research field, graphics, tables or research methods. All the aforementioned components might not be expected in a research paper. However, as both are academic documents bibliography together with accurate referencing must be presented.
Many . candidates at these universities view the . as a formality and elect not to receive it in order to avoid the paperwork and costs involved. However, some programs do not offer an en route . or . , so the . is the first opportunity to receive a degree between the bachelor's and ; others may elect not to take the nominally lower . or . degree in favor of the . or the itself. Some colleges and universities, such as the College of the Atlantic , the University of Michigan ,  the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Utah , offer a standalone . degree in various fields.